“This is a historic victory for European creators, who will now be able to exercise their rights and receive fair remuneration for platforms such as YouTube,” welcomed the European grouping of societies of authors and composers (GESAC), which represents more than one million beneficiaries in the field of music, visual arts, audiovisual, theater …
what is EU’s Article 13?
The text aims to adapt to the digital age the European copyright law, dating from 2001, a time when YouTube did not exist. Proponents of the reform insisted that American giants, such as Google and Facebook, who benefit from the advertising benefits generated by the works they host, more accurately reward creators.
In the other camp, the giants of Silicon Valley, but also the supporters of a free internet, feared to see restricted this channel of diffusion.
Demonstrations took place across the EU, at the call of “Save the internet”, and has been mobilized for months to defend the ” free exchange of opinions on the internet “.
In Germany, the heart of the protest movement, tens of thousands of people marched in several cities.
In the crosshairs of the opponents of the reform, two articles. The “13” which aims to strengthen the bargaining position of creators and rights holders (composers, artists …) against platforms like YouTube or Tumblr, who use their content.
It now holds the platforms legally accountable for content, forcing them to ensure that they respect copyright. Another particularly controversial article is the 11th, which advocates the creation of a “neighboring right” in copyright for newspaper publishers. It must allow the media, such as Agence France-Presse (AFP), to be better paid when online reuse of their production by aggregators of information, such as Google News, or social networks, such as Facebook.
However, to sort the content the use of automatic download filters, but these are accused by supporters of freedom on the internet to open the door to a form of censorship.
“Download filters do not work for the simple reason that algorithms are unable to tell the difference between copyright infringement and legal use, such as parodies,” said Julia Reda, an MEP, 32-year-old from Germany the only representative of the Pirate Party in the European Parliament.